Early Years Foundation Stage

Children are born ready, able and eager to learn. They actively reach out to interact with other people and in the world around them. Development is not an automatic process, however it depends on each unique child having opportunities to interact in positive relationships and enabling environments.


At Highworth Pre-School we endeavour to create an enabling environment, helping children to play and explore, encourage active learning, creating and thinking critically. We work with all children, whilst being aware that they develop and learn in different ways. The Early Years Foundation Stage Framework covers the education and care of all children in Highworth Pre-School, including children with special educational needs and disabilities.


For children between the ages of 2 and 4 years, the pre-school provides a curriculum for the Early Year’s Foundation Stage of education. This curriculum is set out in a document, published by the Department for Education and Skills. 


For each early learning goal, the guidance sets out next steps, which describe the stages through which children are likely to pass as they move to achievement of the goal.  Highworth Pre-School uses the early learning goals and their next steps to help us to trace each child's progress and to enable us to provide the right activities to help all of the children move towards achievement of the early learning goals. This will continue through their reception year at school.


Each session is planned half termly in advance to ensure that your child covers all areas of learning throughout their pre-school years.  Your child’s development will be observed and recorded using our key-worker system.  Your child’s key worker will work in partnership with you and will give you the opportunity to contribute to your child’s records.  This system will be explained to you by your child’s key worker in more detail on your first visit to pre-school. 



Early Years Foundation Stage Framework

Practitioners teach children by ensuring challenging, playful opportunities across the prime and specific areas of learning and development.


Prime Areas begin to develop quickly in response to relationships and experiences, and run through and support learning in all other areas.

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.


  • Communication and Language involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.


  • Physical Development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.


Specific Areas include essential skills and knowledge. They grow out of the prime areas and provide important contexts for learning.

  • Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.


  • Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.


  • Understanding the World involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.


  • Expressive Arts and Design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design and technology.


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